Origins- Kingdom of Ghana
The tale of Ouagadou-Bida is said to be the tale of the fall of the Kingdom of Ghana.
In the capital city of the Kingdom of Ghana there was a sacred grove. A serpent spirit lived in a cave within the grove. This was Ougadou-Bida, protector of the tribes of the Ghana kings. Through the protection of the kings, the whole kingdom was protected.
Every year, a girl would be sacrificed to the serpent. One year a girl called Sia was selected. Her fiance Amadou Sefedokote decided to stop this by killing the serpent-spirit. Hiding behind a tree, he waited for the serpent to come out of its cave.
He attempted to kill the serpent by chopping off its head, but the head simply regrew. Amadou did not give up, and kept chopping off the serpent’s head only for it to regrow. After seven times, the serpent finally died. Amadou and Sia escaped the city.
Without the spirit to protect Ghana, a drought fell across the Kingdom killing crops and animals. It is said that the people of Ghana became nomads, and Ghana was no more.
This name can be spelt in several ways, including Ougadou-Bida and Wagadoo-Bida.